Choosing a Cat

Congratulations! You’re getting a cat!

When choosing a cat…if you wish a pure breed, do some research. There are hundreds of cats in your area to adopt that are in need of a good home. Visit your local rescue organizations, shelters and pounds to help save a life.

Please consider adopting an adult or senior cat. They make wonderful and grateful pets!

With good genes and care, an indoors-only cat can live an average 15-20 years.

What to Expect
Expect a few days adjustment, esp. if there are other pets. Initial isolation from other pets and small children is a good idea. Try gradual introduction with other pets.

Indoor Or Outdoor?

An indoor cat is a happy and healthy cat. Indoor cats tend to be healthier and live longer. If at all possible, keep your cats indoors away from cars, diseases, and other animals which may prey on them.

Basic Supply List
Litter pan, cat litter, and scoop – There are so many varieties, but the important thing is to clean often enough the urine does not repel the cat with an ammonia odor. This generally means sifting out soaked litter daily. Remember, cats smell twenty times better than we do. When that happens, the cat may urinate out of the box. Inappropriate elimination/urination is a leading reason cats are surrendered to the pound for euthanasia. In many instances, the cats are not the problem. It can be the litter. You may have to find the right one that pleases your cat.

Cats and Litter Boxes
The great thing about getting a cat is that she arrives fully assembled, with no training necessary – except on the part of the owner. Unlike a puppy, who must be housebroken, a kitten is already programmed by her cat Mom to use a litter box.  All you have to do is show her where it is. How did cats acquire this wonderful habit? It’s an inborn matter of self-preservation. In the wild, cats bury their feces to hide their presence from predators or territorial rivals. Domestic house cats continue the habit, which is one of the things that make them such clean companions. The urge to hide her presence is so strong that even if a cat eliminates outside her box, she will still go through the motions of digging and covering. Although the litter box habit is deeply ingrained, there are several instances in which a cat may stop using her box, but, doing a little detective work, can soon set your cat back on the right path. The first thing is to consider if you cat is ill, since this behavior may indicate same. You may have to take her to the vet for a check-up and a clean bill of health. Cleanliness, litter preference, or household changes can be a factor. With her sensitive nose, any cat would be turned off by a box that isn’t scooped frequently. Daily cleaning may take care of the problem. Some cats are very particular about litter type. Scent and texture may be very important to them. A simple change from what you now use may quickly solve the problem. If all else fails, try to think of any recent change that may have stressed your cat. Cats are creatures of habit and a new pet, a baby or even a household routine can affect sensitive cats. Make any and all changes gradually to give your new family member time to adjust. Also be sure to give extra attention and love to combat her insecurity. Being vigilant can prevent small things from getting bigger and out of hand. Some clumping litters have been associated with illness and death of kittens, especially long-hair kittens. Please check with your vet first. There are many litters on the market and many excellent alternative to clay and cluming litters.

NOTE: Some cats do not like any litter and will urinate in odd places such as an empty box or bathroom sink without having a physical problem such as a bladder infection. Most times you can find a litter that your cat will like (often sand or something that feels soft under his paws) and remember what  you may think efficient, your cat may not like. Seek veterinarian advice.

Food and Water Bowls
Wet food is generally thought of as better than dry. Dry food lasts longer, higher in calorie and costs less. Very young kittens and older cats with health problem may need special food. What is the best cat food? There is no one answer. You can discuss this with your vet. Many manufactures make foods for kittens, senior cats, indoor cats, etc. It will be a matter of lifestyle, and personal taste; both yours and your cat’s.

It is very important to have fresh water available at all times for your cat. From a hygiene standpoint, stainless steel, glass, and ceramics with lead-free paint work very well. Cats cannot digest milk so a milk alternative is highly suggested.

Toys
Toys – Cats are very creative and what you might not think is a toy will be to her. Some cats will play in a paper bag, with cellophane, sting or a ballpoint pen and be quite content. If you do buy toys for him, make sure they are for cats and cannot harm him. These days there are sophisticated toys available. The main thing to keep in mind is getting a toy that is safe.

Grooming
Brushes – The coat will dictate the brush you get. Cats love to be brushed and combed.

Misc
Cleaning – Clean and rinse your pets bowls daily. Some people use disposable ware for sanitary reasons.

Scratching posts – Some cats love them, some not. A de-clawed cat may go through the motion of scratching but may not need one.

There is a lot of information available on the web and in books. Speak to cat owners and they will share their enthusiasm for and love for the feline(s) in their life.

Before You Bring Home a Cat
Before you bring your new cat home, it’s a good idea to prepare a room for her. For the first day or so, this room will be her territory, and should contain everything a cat needs to feel safe. The bathroom is an ideal location, as you’ll need to set up a litter box. Add one or two inches of litter and place the box in a low-traffic spot.

The ASPCA recommends that you create a safe hiding place for your pet if she is very fearful or stressed. A covered cat bed works well, but you can also use an upside-down cardboard box. Make sure you cut out two doors, as some felines feel more safe if they have access to an escape route. Whatever you choose, it need not be large-just big enough for the cat to stand up, turn around and lie down in. Set this up in a corner, ideally positioned where your cat can see the door. Add a cardboard scratching pad and you’re in business.

On the big day, bring your cat straight to the room you’ve prepared. Place the carrier next to her hiding place, set out some fresh water and open the door to the carrier. You may be tempted, but do not pull your pet out. It’s best to leave the room, close the door and let her come out on her own.

When 15 minutes have passed, quietly place some premium-quality cat food next to her water bowl. And remember, don’t reach for her-it’s important that you let her make the first move. If she doesn’t show any interest in the food, pick up the plate after 15 minutes and discard it. Wait several hours and offer her fresh food. Don’t be alarmed if she’s retreated to her safe haven or hasn’t set but one paw out of her carrier. It is very common for cats to hide in a new territory. Extremely sensitive animals, or cats who haven’t been properly socialized, may take up to a week or more to get their bearings.

If your new pet has eaten and wants you to pet her and is exploring the room, you can begin to expand her horizons. Feel free to open up the door and let her explore. It’s best if you do this gradually, one room at a time, until you’ve introduced her to the entire house.

Cats are affectionate; some more so. Some are vocal; some quiet. A cat needs companionship and should not be left all alone in an apartment all day long, day in and day out.

Vaccinations – Rabies shots are required by law in most places. For all other vaccinations, it is best to discuss this with your veterinarian.

De-clawing a controversial and sensitive topic. If it has to be done, it should be done as a last resort when other options have been exhausted.

Where Can I Get a Cat
Rescues Organizations
City Pound
Responsible Breeders

Where NOT to Get A Cat
Backyard Breeders
Pet Stores


This page is merely a guide.
Do your homework and remember to always be a responsible pet owner and consult with your veterinarian often.